Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

  • Isla H. Myers-Smith
  • Jeffrey T. Kerby
  • Gareth K. Phoenix
  • Jarle W. Bjerke
  • Howard E. Epstein
  • Jakob J. Assmann
  • Christian John
  • Laia Andreu-Hayles
  • Sandra Angers-Blondin
  • Pieter S. A. Beck
  • Logan T. Berner
  • Uma S. Bhatt
  • Anne D. Bjorkman
  • Daan Blok
  • Anders Bryn
  • Casper T. Christiansen
  • J. Hans C. Cornelissen
  • Andrew M. Cunliffe
  • Sarah C. Elmendorf
  • Scott J Goetz
  • Robert D. Hollister
  • Rogier de Jong
  • Michael M. Loranty
  • Marc Macias-Fauria
  • Kadmiel Maseyk
  • Signe Normand
  • Johan Olofsson
  • Thomas C. Parker
  • Frans-Jan W. Parmentier
  • Eric S. Post
  • Gabriela Schaepman-Strub
  • Frode Stordal
  • Patrick F. Sullivan
  • Haydn J.D. Thomas
  • Hans Tømmervik
  • Rachael Treharne
  • Craig E. Tweedie
  • Donald A. Walker
  • Martin Wilmking
  • Sonja Wipf


As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to global climate change. However, a consensus is emerging that the underlying causes and future dynamics of so-called Arctic greening and browning trends are more complex, variable and inherently scale-dependent than previously thought. Here we summarize the complexities of observing and interpreting high-latitude greening to identify priorities for future research. Incorporating satellite and proximal remote sensing with in-situ data, while accounting for uncertainties and scale issues, will advance the study of past, present and future Arctic vegetation change.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-117
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020
MoEC publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal